hello. this is bbc news. the iraqi prime minister says the city of mosul has been liberated from the islamic state group. the parents of charlie gard deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital in london, calling on doctors to allow the terminally ill baby to travel to america for experimental treatment. hundreds of kilograms of drugs and thousands of mobile phones were found in prisons in england and wales last year. the government has described the situation as "unacceptable." sir vince cable, who's favourite to be the next leader of the liberal democrats, says he believes brexit may never happen. a business tycoon has submitted plans to build a third runway at heathrow, which he says would be £5 billion cheaper than the current scheme. now on bbc news, click. this week:
is this the smartest building in italy? the latest worker drones. and, beat this, a hearty handful. on july 12th, the internet, as we know it, will change. go to amazon, twitter, reddit or many other sites and you could be asked to wait on a slower connection, or pay extra, or you may be blocked altogether. thankfully, these warnings aren't real. they're part of an internet—wide protest, with the aim of protecting net neutrality. net neutrality is the basic principle that protects our freedom
of speech on the internet. it's the guiding rules that have made the internet into what it is today, and it prevents our internet service providers — so the cable companies like comcast, horizon and at&t — from controlling what we can see and do when we go online. under the net neutrality principle, all data should be treated equally by isps. that means they can't slow down companies who refuse to pay to have their data prioritised, and they can't charge customers for fast access to certain data. but the us federal communications commission, the fcc, voted recently to overturn rules from 2015 which enshrined these neutrality principles, and which meant telecoms firms could be fined for noncompliance. and that, says the organiser of the july 12th protest, will play right into the big cable companies‘ hands.
if we lose net neutrality, you're going to start to see the internet look more like cable tv. you can imagine trying to go to a social media site and getting a notification from your internet service provider saying — oh, sorry, if you want to access this site, you need to upgrade to our social media package. you need to upgrade to our streaming video package. you need to pay us more, in order to access the same sites that you've been using day after day for years. they can also go to those sites and charge them extra fees in order to deliver their content to users. and, of course, those fees get passed on to all of us. so it's really an issue that affects every single person that uses the internet, regardless of your political views. it's gonna hit us in the pocketbook. and this won'tjust
affect us internet users. if you use an american web service — which, let's face it, is most of us — it may affect the service that they provide to us. the fcc says that the 2015 rules are unnecessary and may have stifled investment in next—generation networks. and free—market think tanks agree. well, this fight could have been resolved ten years ago if it were reallyjust about net neutrality. this has really primarily been a fight about the fcc's power to regulate the internet. we had our first major update to our communications law 20 years ago, and that law made it unclear exactly how the fcc was going to regulate the internet, and that ambiguity has left the agency to wrestle with this issue for a decade. and in a nutshell, there were simpler, better ways of dealing with this issue.
there were other agencies that could have addressed net neutrality concerns when they arose, starting back in 2008. and congress has three times tried to legislate, and both republicans and democrats, i think, share the blame for missing the opportunity to craft a solution that would resolve this issue. and that, unfortunately, has led us to where we are today, which is a thorough rule—making at the fcc to deal with this issue of legal authority, when the rules themselves — the core of net neutrality — have really never been controversial. well, i wonder what the original inventor of the concept of net neutrality would make of these changes. you know, it's...very disappointing, let's put it that way. so, you know, the obama administration had finally put net
neutrality into law, done a good job with it, everyone was happy, but out of nowhere, the trump administration... and it's not been any public movement against net neutrality, it's really the cable and phone companies want to make more money, let's put it that way. and they have somehow kind of, under the cover of trump's madness, managed to start the process on net neutrality. the thing is making the government realise that there are severe electoral consequences for messing with net neutrality. it has to be understood as the third rail, that you mess with this and you're going to get people very angry and descending on constituents. but not everyone agrees that next week's protest will make much of a difference. the current fcc leadership has been very clear about their views of the fcc's legal authority and their minds are not going to be changed by an angry mob or what amounts to policy arguments. well, whatever happens next week, i have a feeling it won't be the last word we hear on net neutrality. just a hunch! welcome to the royal society of arts, in london, which this week
was hosting its annual summer science exhibition. for one week only, universities from around the country gather here to bring their cutting—edge science experiment out of the lab and into the public‘s imagination. oh, you see, it's great being a kid! in another room, i got to feel the difference between a healthy heart and one suffering from cardiomyopathy. the robotic hearts beating in sync with my own heartbeat, which is being detected by the monitors on my wrists. you feel this one's beating quite regularly. this one is... it's beating faster and it's beating weaker. so if my heart was diseased, it would feel more like this one. which is a good incentive not to get one of these! oh, and by the way, if you were wondering who the next doctor who is going to be... two hearts. right, time to get them beating a bit faster. whether you love or loathe a trip to the shops, retail is changing,
but there's more to it than people just shopping online instead. can i just see what colours there are down lower? here's an idea that takes shopping online a step further. o ne com pa ny‘s software allows you to go a shop's website and, from there, you can connect to a shop assistant in store, who'll be wearing a pair of smart glasses. yeah, what do we have there on the right? there are some bags. can you please take the cream bag off the shelf, and can you open it and show me the compartments? the shop has actually found that the same experience being streamed to a mobile has actually proved more popular than the smart glasses. and although i found the experience pretty good, it does of course have some limitations. oh, i see, i wasn't expecting that.
i thought it was going round your waist. i'm glad i asked you. if, when shopping online, you're worried about getting your size right, then these smart leggings could help. they aim to be able to measure you and tell you the exact right size ofjeans that you should be buying. hmm! likeaglove hopes to measure women for the right size and style of jeans for their body shape. the stretchy measuring leggings connect via bluetooth to a smartphone app, where your stats will be stored,
so you can keep track of your body shape. oh, my waist measurement here seems to be about five inches larger than i thought it was and a fair bit bigger than the jean size i normally wear. when i clicked through to the suggestions, my size was as expected. the company say these measurements represent where the jeans would sit, rather than actual measurements you would expect. might upset a few people along the way, though! but another trend emerging is that we head back to the high street, but shop assistants as we know them don't. these online stores are open 2a hours a day, with only a series of cameras and microphones keeping an eye on you. you gain access through your smartphone, use it to scan your purchases and pay, then head off. their first branch opened in sweden last year, followed by another in shanghai recently. the launch of amazon go's first store in seattle appears to have been delayed, but aims to replace queues and checkouts by using computer vision, deep learning and data from sensors. it will see what you've picked up
in store and, in turn, charge your amazon account. but one us company has another idea about self—service. well, on first view, this does just look like an ordinary vending machine that happens to have a tv screen on it, but a machine like this could soon be selling alcohol, cannabis and even guns. let me explain more. the device uses biometric sensors to identify users by the veins in their fingers, meaning you can turn a standard machine into an apparently secure one, only dispensing goods to the person with the right to collect them. and, yes, in the us, that item could be a gun. the company claims the machinery uses the same level of security employed by us military and large corporations to access facilities, but they do add... everything is hackable. if it's connected to the internet, they say ‘where there's water, there's sharks‘. where there's internet connectivity, somebody can make their way in there, perhaps. we've jumped through every possible hoop we can do to make sure that only the person standing in front
of it is able to get the product that they want if it's that sort of regulated product. right, and there are guns and alcohol available too? so some fellas are going out hunting and they leave late from work, and they rush out of the kitchen to catch up with their friends. usually, you're far outside the city limits, you've made a whole plan, you've made your trip, you get out and you say, "oh, i forget my ammo". in this situation, a secure machine would allow you to pick up some ammo, or even a replacement gun, if you're in the system. maybe get their whiskey off the one side, get their ammo off the other, and head on into the camp and have a fine weekend of hunting. ok, maybe this isn't solving a problem that many people have. and suddenly, the idea
of shops without assistants doesn't seem so surprising. welcome to this week's tech news. volvo announced they'll only make electric and hybrid cars from 2019. formula one racing team williams unveiled a carbon—fibre baby carrier that can transport critically ill newborn infants by ambulance or helicopter. the ba bypod protects against vibrations and can be kept at a constant temperature. and sex robots designed to look like children should be banned. a report looking into the future of people's sexual relationships with robots said policymakers need to look at the issue and decide what is acceptable. dubai police are to introduce a robot cop and autonomous patrol cars. the vehicles will use 360—degree surveillance technology to identify suspicious objects, launch a mini drone, and even give chase to suspects. google's in the doghouse again — this time, for a deal with a uk hospital that didn't respect the privacy of patients. the uk's information commissioner ruled that 1.6 million patient details were provided to google's deepmind illegally, to help develop an app to diagnose kidney failure. and could tickets be replaced by inaudible sounds?
well, it seems maybe. ticketmaster has teamed up with listener, a company that uses ultrasonic sound technology to transmit information between devices. checking into a venue with an app would give off the sound, and organisers could log who was in and where they are — unless your phone dies, of course. back at the royal society of arts, i finally got my robotic heart to beat a bit faster. our individual lifestyles may affect our health personally, but our collective lifestyles have been affecting the world that we live in. it's one thing to talk about climate change and its effects on the environment, but it's another thing to actually see it in action. this is a simulation of the c02 that was in the atmosphere in 2006. the redder bits are the most c02 heavy.
what's really interesting is, have a look at the difference between the north and the south. just look how much c02 is covering china and the united states. if, indeed, that's what i'm looking at, because you really can't see it under all the c02. this work was created by the uk's met office and the natural environment research council. the scientists mashed up historical weather data with information coming from all sorts of modern sensors, including things like air—traffic data, to try and predict the world's climate in the future. they're wanting to see how all different components that affect the climate — the oceans, the atmosphere, the land and ice — how that all interacts. and really, that's so the met office and also the natural environment research council and their research centres can kind off give messages about what's likely to happen and, therefore, what likely changes we're going to need to keep to a safe level of global warming
of two degrees. but pollution comes in many forms. if you live in a big city, for example, i'm sure you would count the noise and congestion as just as harmful to your health as the air that we breathe. now, currently, half of the world's population lives in cities and, in the next decade, that's expected to rise to five billion. and technology will be part of the solution. senseable city lab, from mit, has brought together a team of scientists and designers to truly understand our urban needs and how we can improve the designs of our cities in the future. the agnelli foundation was set up by the family behind fiat cars, and its new shared office space has become a living research lab for the university. cat travelled to turin, in italy, to meet its designers.
like many things italian, everything here is very stylish. this ‘60s building and the old italian villa next door, which was once home to mr fiat himself, were recently redeveloped and brought bang up—to—date. well, even the cafeteria's suitably smart. as trendy as this place may be, its design is farfrom over. going forward, the chief architects of this space will not be its creators, but its inhabitants. the idea behind this whole place is similar to any big data project — collect as much information as possible and make the whole thing more efficient. one theory on trial here is personalised heating.
instead of setting the heating for the whole building, workers here are able to set their own desired temperatures. so this system is actually quite clever. when there's a few of us there in the same space, the system above us will take everyone's preferences and just average it out. and despite different personal heating settings, this setup is proving to be more efficient. the very good thing is that by understanding your position, the system will shut down if you're not there. we're still, let's say, simulating numbers, but we're almost sure that the improvement, the ecological and energy improvement of the building, could be up to 25%, in terms of consumption. beyond the personalised heating, the doors unlock and lights come on as you approach, and you can find your colleagues on a map. researchers hope these features will entice more users to download the app and share their location data, so they can really get an accurate picture of how the building is being used, identify dead corners and spaces and improve the overall
design in the future. very often, we speak about architecture as our third skin. the first one in our biological skin. the second one, our clothes, and the third one is actually the physical space we inhabit. so far, this third skin has been very rigid, really like a corset. with this building, we're making an attempt, we make a step forward and we want to try to understand if this third skin could be something more flexible, more tailored to our needs and to the needs of the occupants of the space. this experiment is just the very beginning and it's hard to think how rigid structures such as buildings could one day become more personalised and flexible, but i'm excited to think that we can all have a small say in what works. that was cat in italy. now, smart cities won'tjust consist of smart buildings and self driving cars, above our heads autonomous drones will be busily buzzing about, too. drones already today are an integral part of the city.
in future they will be even more dominant. they will be doing deliveries, they will be doing traffic control, monitoring, for example, they will be doing aerial and water sampling. pollution monitoring. but also infrastructure, maintenance, servicing, and repair. the drone i'm controlling is one of those repair drones, or at least a very early prototype. so, down, up, left, right, forward, back. he is flying the thing, i'm in charge of the robot arm underneath, which may one day be able to build, manipulate, and fix things on—the—fly in hard to reach places. and the idea is there would be some kind of robot gripper, or manipulator on the end of this? generally this can be a multipurpose gripper. so, if you just lower it over the body now i will begin the surgery. going to suture the wound. fixing bridges and maintaining buildings could, in theory, be done while hovering
over the structure. but this isn't very stable and it's certainly going to be limited by battery life. a more sensible way is to have the drone land first. the problem here, though, is the top of that skyscraper, or the side of that bridge might not allow for gentle flat landings. the methodology that we use builds a lot on looking at nature and how nature solves the same challenges that it has. now, if you look at birds, how they do that, they do this with very complex, morphing wings, and visual navigation to land very precisely. however, insects use something very different, they just use morphology to attach to structures. they fly and crash into the surface and stay attached like that. so a very different approach. one example of how we use these insect inspired approaches to perching, is by looking at the ballooning spiders. and by looking at the way how they use their strings to entangle
themselves on structures, and remain aloft, we have built a vehicle that can do the same principles with a string which is deposited from an aerial vehicle. by doing that, the string itself acts as an intelligent structure that entangles itself to any geometry it attaches itself to. so it doesn't need to sense the geometry of its anchor point, the string itself, as simple as it is, takes away the need for the controlling sensing of this part and allows it to attach itself very successfully. the sun rises. the radio plays the news. the team won. today is the last day of the term. the traffic light turns green. and the piano is silent. if you're in manchester this month
you might see these poems dotted about the city. it's an art installation called everything every time. and the poetry is being created live using data from the city. everything every time is a poem. so it's four screens that i have deployed on four different sports in manchester city. it also runs on a website. and basically it's a project about data and about the functionality of data. the book is returned and someone is waiting. all this data, from weather to football scores, to phases of the moon is fed
into the algorithm which creates the poems. each verse is a sequence of template lines which are triggered and shaped depending on what is happening right now. whether it's how late a bus is or if a performance is scheduled at the theatre. throughout the city the team wanted to display live poems which are constantly changing. our four boards can make a request to the api in the cloud. the api in turn makes a request to one of about 130 different data points. the api makes an assessment on what the data means. in terms of understanding whether or not something is busy, something is turned on, streetlights on and off, that kind of thing, compiles the poem, makes sure it is formatted correctly so it is a readable poem, and passes it back to the sign. the three of these go together. each of these dots you can see here is very, very delicate and turns over. what happens is then the text is rendered as a dot display. they also make the best noise ever, so you get this fantastic clackety clicking noise. which is quite nice. so we really have breathed new life into this creaking old tech, which is really cool.
and you can catch everything every time around manchester until the 9th of august. i hope you like what you saw. check us out on twitter for more. i think i'll leave it to the data to do the poetry. we live at @bbcclick. thanks for watching and we will see you soon. much of england and wales have seen warm sunny much of england and wales have seen warm sunny spells but in scotland and northern ireland, cloudy, wetter affair, england and wales, some clouds developing, threatening cloud on this picture in cambridgeshire, actually going into the evening there could be the odd heavy shower developing. this weather system stays with us through parts of scotla nd stays with us through parts of scotland and northern ireland, going a little further south, parts of north—west england and north wales at the end of the night. elsewhere, variable cloud, warm and muggy
night, but cooler and fresher nights on the way as we go through this week. taking a look at things into monday morning, a mixture of weather on the way, some sunny spells in northern scotland, may be the odd shower around, we still have the weather system by the stage through southern scotland, with an area of cloud. some showery bursts of rain edging towards north—west england. south of that, some sunny spells, one 01’ south of that, some sunny spells, one or two heavy showers around the wash and into east anglia after the overnight period of the showers and into the morning. one or two into the far south—west. through the day, umbrellas at the ready, sunshine, scattered showers, some of us will miss them all together and stay dry. catch one, could be on the heavy side, south—west england into east anglia, intense downpours around, giving rein in a short space of time, threat of picking up the odd shower around london into the wimbledon area. not quite as warm as it has been but still some warmth
and humidity. through the rest of the week, temperatures edged down a few degrees. this is the picture through monday evening and night, another area of showers, merging to give longer spells of rain moving through england and wales going into tuesday, plenty of cloud, and it will feel cooler. for northern england, scotland and northern ireland, sunny spells, scattered showers, some temperatures into the mid—teens. spell of rain through tuesday night into early wednesday, threatening southernmost parts of the uk. gap between weather systems and most of us will have a dry day. up and most of us will have a dry day. up and down week, average for summer weather, changeable, certainly, some days wetter, some days better. tending to cool down, especially where it has been very warm. this is bbc news. the headlines at 4.00pm: the prime minister of iraq announces victory over so—called islamic state in mosul — he's in the city to declare its liberation.
the parents of terminally—ill baby charlie gard deliver a petition to great ormond street hospital calling on them to let him go to the us for experimental treatment. we think that this has a chance. it has up to a 10% chance of working for charlie and we feel that that's a chance worth taking. government ministers say unacceptable amounts of drugs and mobile phones are being found in prisons. also in the next hour: going back to his roots — after 13 years away, wayne rooney rejoins his boyhood club, everton, as he says goodbye to manchester united. coming up at 10.30pm here on bbc news, witness speaks to paul mccatrney‘s brother, mike, who remembers one of the beatles most famous performances.